The gestalt principles The 6 Gestalt principles describe how we perceive visual relationships between objects. Design by Orange Crush The word “Gestalt” literally means “form” in German, and this is fitting because the theory describes how the mind transforms apparent randomness into reliable forms. Consider music, for example—our brains are wired to organize what we hear into cohesive melodies rather than separate notes. For graphic designers, employing Gestalt principles is an essential tool: designers are able to emphasize visual relationships and communicate more effectively visual information.
In this article, we’re going to investigate these image manipulation service Gestalt principles and how to apply each one to design. But to understand Gestalt’s visual relationships better, let’s first look at some relevant concepts of perception. Some concepts of perception — Gestalt theory itself describes how visual elements are grouped and separated to create order through stable forms. But there are a number of other underlying psychological concepts relating to perception that inform our understanding of Gestalt theory which goes beyond perception to describe visual relationships.
Let’s briefly go over a few of these: Black and white image of a snowflake Emergence means that we see the whole shape before the small details. Image via Wikimedia Commons Black and white images of negative space Reification means that we see the shapes that aren’t there. Image via Wikimedia Commons Black and white images showing the same shape skewed and distorted multiple times Invariance means that we recognize the same shape in spite of distortions. Image via Wikimedia Commons A black and white image of Rubin Vase means that we see all possible interpretations of an ambiguous.